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SATURNINUS.

till they died. The senate gave their sanction to these proceedings by rewarding with the citizen­ship a slave of the name of Scaeva, who claimed the honour of having killed Saturninus. Nearly forty years after these events, the tribune T. La-bienus, accused an aged senator Rabirius, of having been the murderer of Saturninus. An account of this trial is given elsewhere. [rabirius.] (Ap­pian, B. C. i. 28—32 ; Plut. Mar. 28—30 ; Liv. Epit. 69 ; Oros. v. 17 ; Flor. iii. 16 ; Veil. Pat. ii. 12 ; Val. Max. ix. 7. § 3 ; Cic. Brut. 62, pro Sest. 47, pro C. Rcdrir. passim).

4. L. appuleius saturninus, was propraetor of Macedonia in B. c. 58, when Cicero visited the province after his banishment from Rome. Although a friend of Cicero, he did not venture to show him any marks of attention for fear of displeasing the ruling party at Rome. It was only his quaestor Plancius who openly espoused the cause of the exile. This Saturninus was a native of Atina, and was the first native of that praefectura who had obtained a curule office. (Cic. pro Plane. 8, 11,41.)

5. cn. appuleius saturninus, the son of No. 4, was present at the trial of Cn. Plancius, in b. c. 54. During Cicero's absence in Cilicia, B. c. 50, he was accused by Cn. Domitius, as Caelius writes to Cicero (Cic. pro Plane. 8, 12, ad Fam. viii. 14). He is also mentioned by Cicero in b. c. 43, as the heres of Q. Turius (ad Fam. xii. 26). This Saturninus is probably the same as the one of whom Valerius Maximus tells a scandalous tale (ix. 1. § 8).

SATURNINUS, CLAU'DIUS, a jurist from whose Liber Singularis de Poenis Paganorum there is a single excerpt in the Digest (50. tit. 19. s. 16). In the Florentine Index the work is attributed to Venuleius Saturninus, an error which, as it has been observed, has manifestly originated in the title to the fifteenth excerpt of lib. 50. tit. 19. Two rescripts of Antoninus Pius are addressed to Claudius Saturninus (Dig. 20. tit. 3. s. 1. § 2, 50. tit. 7. s. 4). Saturninus was praetor under the Divi Fratres (Dig. 17. tit. 1. s. 6. § 7). A rescript of Hadrian on the excusatio of a minor annis xxv. who had been appointed (datus) tutor to an adfinis, is addressed to Claudius Saturninus, legatus Bel-gicae ; and there is no chronological impossibility in assuming him to be the jurist.

Grotius maintains that the Q. Saturninus who wrote, at least, ten books Ad Edictum (Dig. 34. tit. 2. s. 19. § 7), is a different person from the author of the treatise De Poenis Paganorum. A Saturninus is again mentioned in an excerpt from Ulpian (Dig. 12. tit. 2. s. 13. § 5). But this Quintus may be Venuleius Saturninus. (Zimmern, Geschicktedes Rom. Privatrechts, i. p. 354.) [G. L.]

SATURNINUS, FA'NNIUS, the paeda-gogus, who corrupted the daughter of Pontius Aufidianus. (Val. Max. vi. 1. § 3.)

SATURNINUS, FU'RIUS, a rhetorician mentioned in the Controversiae of the elder Seneca. (Controv. 21.)

SATURNINUS, JU'NIUS, a Roman his­torian of the Augustan age, quoted by Suetonius. (Aug. 27.)

SATURNINUS, LU'SIUS, ruined in the reign of Claudius through means of Suillius, as the enemies of the latter asserted. (Tac. Ann. xiii. 43.)

SATURNINUS, POMPEIUS, a contem-

SATURNINUS. 725

porary of the younger Pliny, is praised by the latter as a distinguished orator, historian, and poet (Plin. Ep. i. 8). Several of Pliny's letters are addressed to him. (Ep. i. 8, v. 9, vii. 7, 15, ix. 38.)

SATURNINUS, SE'NTIUS. 1. C. sen­tius (saturninus), was propraetor of Macedonia during the Social war, and probably for some time afterwards. He defeated the Thracians, who had invaded his province with a large force, unlder their king Sothimus (Oros. v. 18, Sull. 11 ; Cic. Verr. iii. 93, in Pison. 34). The exact time during which he governed Macedonia is uncertain. If the reading is correct in the Epitome of Livy (Epit. 70), he could not have been appointed later than b. c. 92, as none of the events recorded in the seventieth book were later than that year. It is said in the Epitome that he fought unsuc­cessfully against the Thracians, but this is pro­bably an error. It is, at all events, clear from Plutarch (I. c.} that he was still governor of Macedonia in b. c. 88, when Sulla was in Greece. Modern writers give him the cognomen Saturni­nus, as it was borne by most of the other Sentii, but it does not occur in any of the ancient writers, as far as we are aware.

2. C. sentius saturninus, was one of the persons of distinguished rank who deserted Sex. Pompeius in b. c. 35, and passed over to Octa-vian (Veil. Pat. ii. 77 ; Appian, B. C. v. 139, comp. v. 52). He is no doubt the same as the Sentius Saturninus Vetulio, who was proscribed by the triumvirs in b. c. 43, and escaped, to Pom­peius in Sicily (Val. Max. vii. 3. § 9). The cir­cumstances, however, which Valerius Maximus relates respecting his escape, are told by Appian (B. C. iv. 45), with reference to one Pomponius. [pomponius, No. 14.] Saturninus was rewarded: for his desertion of Pompeius by the consulship, which he held in b. c. 19, with Q. Lucretius Vespillo. Velleius Paterculus celebrates his praises for the manner in which he carried on the govern­ment during his consulship, and for his opposition to the seditious schemes of Egnatius Rufus. [Rupus, egnatius, No. 2.] After his consul­ship he was appointed to the government of Syria, in connection with which he is frequently men­tioned by Josephus. He was succeeded in the government by Quintilius Varus (Dion Cass. liv. 10 ; Frontin. de Aquaed. 10 ; Veil. Pat. ii. 92; Joseph. Ant. xvi. 10. § 8, xvi. 11. § 3, xvii. 1.

1, xvii. 3. § 2, xvii. 5. § 2, B. J. i. 27. § 2). Josephus (Ant. xvi. 11. § 3) speaks of three sons of Saturninus, who accompanied him as legati to Syria, and who were present with their father at the trial of Herod's sons at Berytus in b. c. b'.

3. C. sentius C. f. C. n. saturninus, the son of No. 2. was consul a. d. 4, in which year the Lex. Aelia Sentia was passed. He was appointed by Augustus governor of Germany, and served with distinction under Tiberius, in his campaign against the Germans. He was, in consequence, rewarded by Augustus with the triumphal orna­ments in a.d. 6. (Veil. Pat. ii. 103, 105, 109 ; Dion Cass. Iv. 28.)

4. cn. sentius saturninus, consul suffectus A. d. 4, was probably likewise a son of No. 2. since the latter had, as we have already seen, three sons in Syria, who were old enough to serve as his legati. He was appointed in a. d. 1 £/, governor of Syria, and compelled Cn. Piso by

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