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tiana, p. 453.) Allatius identifies the writer with the " Simon Hieromonachus ex ordine Praedi-catorum," mentioned by Georgius Trapezuntius, or George of Trebizond [georgius, literary and ecclesiastical, No. 48], as being a native of Crete, ardent for the divine doctrines (sc. those of the Western Church), who went to Rome, and obtained of the Pope the office of Inquisitor and Judge of Heretics in Crete (Georg. Trapezunt. ad Cretenses Epistola, apud Allat. Graecia Orthodooca, vol. i. p. 537). Allatius supposes that he got his name Constantinopolitanus from the circumstance of his family having belonged to that city, just as Geor­gius, who mentions him, was called Trapezuntius, for a similar reason. Allatius (DeSimeon, p. 202) further identifies him with the Simon latumaeus (Possevino, in his Apparatus Sacer, misquotes the name as lacumaeus, and Allatius (/. c.) further misquotes it as Tacumaeus) mentioned by Sixtus of Sena (Bibliotli. Sancta, lib. iv.), as having been first bishop of Gyracium, and afterwards arch­bishop of Thebes, and as having flourished about a. d. 1400. It is to be observed that Sixtus says Simon latumaeus was born at Constantinople ; but perhaps Sixtus was misled by the epithet Constantinopolitanus. He speaks of him as versed in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew literature, and as an assiduous student of the Bible : and states that he prepared a revision of the Greek text of the New Testament; translated it most faithfully, word for word (verbum de verbo) into Hebrew and into Latin ; and formed a triglott Testament, by arranging the Greek text and the two versions in three parallel columns on the same page, so that line corresponded to line, and word to word. (Sixtus Senens. 1. c.} Allatius (I. c. p. 203) says he had read some poems addressed to Joannes Cantacuzenus, with the inscription ^i^wvos ap%j-eiTHTKOTrov ©7jgft)i>, " Simonis Archiepiscopi The-barum." Of these poems he quotes a few lines: from which they appear to have been addressed to Cantacuzenus about the time of his abdication, in the middle of the fourteenth century. If, there­fore, Simon flourished, as Sixtus of Sena states, in a. d. 1400, he must have attained a con­siderable age. Cave inclines to the opinion that the Simon who wrote the three treatises on the Holy Spirit was a distinct person from the Simon Jacumaeus (he adds 'alias Saciimaeus1), of Sixtus of Sena. He thinks that if they were the same, the date given by Sixtus, a. d. 1400, is incorrect. (Allatius, /. c.; Fabricius, Bibl. Graec. vol. xi. pp. 301, 334 ; Cave, Hist. Lilt, ad ann. 1276 and 1400, vol. ii. p. 322 ; and Appendix, p. 87, ed. Oxford, 1740—1743.)

23. threni scriptor. Harpocration (Lexicon, s. v. Ta/jirivai}, mentions Simon as the author of a poem entitled or described as Els Avcriuaxov tov 'Eperptea Sprjvos, In Lysimaclmm Eretriensem TJirenus. It is probable that Simon is a mistake for Simonides. [simonides.] (Allat. De Simeon. Scriptis, p. 200.) [J. C. M.J

SIMON (2t',uwr), a physician of Magnesia, who is mentioned by Herophilus (ap. Soran. De Arte Obstetr. p. 100), and who lived, therefore, in or bt'fore the fourth century b. c. He is probably the same person who is mentioned by Diogenes Lae'r- tius (ii. 123), and said by him to have lived in the time of Seleucus Nicanor. [W. A.G.]

SIMON (2,1/j.wv}, of Aegina, a celebrated sta­tuary in bronze, who flourished about 01. 76, b. C.


475, and made one of the horses and one of the charioteers, in the group which was dedicated at Olympia by Phormis, the contemporary of Gelon and Hieron ; the other horse and charioteer were made by dionysius of Argos (Pans. v. 27. § 1). Pliny states that he made a dog and an archer in bronze. (fl.N. xxxiv. 8. s. 19. § 33.) He is also mentioned by Diogenes Laertius (ii. 123).

To these passages should probably be added two others, in which the name of Simon is concealed by erroneous readings. Clemens Alexandrinus (Pro-trept. p. 31, Sylburg) mentions, on the authority of Polemon, a statue of Dionysus Morychus, at Athens, made of the soft stone called (peAAe/r?;?, as the work of Sicon, the son of Eupalamus; and the same statue is ascribed by Zenobius (v. 13) to Simmias, the son of Eupalamus. We know nothing either of Sicon or of Simmias ; but in the former passage nothing can be simpler than the correction of Si/ccows into ^.ifjLwvos, and in the latter it is obvious how easily the two names may have been confounded, each beginning with the syllable 2i,u, especially if, as is frequently the case in old MSS , that syllable only was written as an abbreviation for ^i/jLoovos. These corrections are supported by the authority of Miiller (Aegin. 104) and Thiersch (Epochen, p. 127), and no sound critic will hesitate to prefer them to Sillig's method of correcting the passage of. Clement from that of Zenobius, and reading ^iu/^lov in both.

Thiersch supposes Simon, the son of Eupalamus, to have lived at an earlier period than Simon of Aegina, and to have been one of the Attic Daeda- lids. This is possible, but by no means necessary ; for although the manner in which the statue of Dionysus is mentioned, and the significant name Eupalamus concur to place Simon with the so-called Daedalian, or archaic period of art, yet that period comes down so far as to include the age imme­ diately before that of Pheidias, and Onatas, the contemporary of Simon of Aegina, is expressly mentioned as belonging to it. [daedalus. onatas.] [P. S.]

SIMONIDES (S^cov^y), literary. 1. Of Samos, or, as he is more usually designated, of Amorgos, was the second, both in time and in reputation, of the three principal iambic poets of the early period of Greek literature, namely, Archilo-chus, Simonides, and Hipponax (Proclus, Chrestom. 7 ; Lucian. Pseudol. 2). The chief information which we have respecting him is contained in two articles of Suidas (s. vv. ^tyi&wSrjs, Si^fas ; the greater part of the latter article is obviously mis­placed, and really refers to Simonides) ; from which we learn that his father's name was Crines, and that he was originally a native of Samos, whence, by a curious parallel to the history of Archilochus, he led a colony to the neighbouring island of Amorgos, one of the Cyclades or Sporades, where he founded three cities, Minoa, Aegialus, and Arcesine, in the first of which ^he fixed his own abode. (Comp. Strab. x. p. 487 ; Steph. Byz. s. v. 'A/xopyos ; Tzetz. Chil. xii. 52.) He is gene­rally said to have been contemporary with Archi­lochus ; and the date assigned to him by the chro­nograph ers is 01. 29. 1 or 3, b. c. 66| or 66f (Syncell. p. 213 ; Hieronym. ap. A. Maium, Script. Vet. vol. viii. p. 333 ; Clem. Alex. Strom. vol. i. p. 333 ; Cyril, c. Julian, vol. i. p. 12). The statement of Suidas that he flourished 490 years after the Trojan War, would, according to

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