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Clearchus to death. But though she was successful in this instance, she could not long maintain her ground against the increasing influence of Pa-rysatis: and the latter at length became so confident in her power over the mind of her son, that she determined to remove Stateira by poison, a purpose which she at length effected, notwithstanding the vigilance of the young queen. Arta-xerxes, though deeply affected at her death, did not venture to punish his mother, but put to death her maid Gigis, who had been her accomplice in the plot. (Plut. Artax. 5, 6,17—19 \ Ctesias, Pers. §§ 60, 61.)
2. The sister and wife of Dareius Codomannus, celebrated as the most beautiful woman of her time. She accompanied her husband on his march to the battle of Issus (b. c. 333), and was taken prisoner, together with her mother-in-law Sisy-gambis and her daughters, after that battle. They were all treated with the utmost respect and courtesy by the generous conqueror, but Stateira died shortly before the battle of Arbela, B. c. 331. She was honoured by Alexander with a splendid funeral, and he sent a special envoy to apprise Dareius of her fate. (Curt. iii. 3. § 22, 11. § 24 —26,12. §§ 11,15,22, iv. 10. §§ 18—34 ; Arrian. Anal. ii. 11, 12, iv. 19, 20 ; Plut. Aleoc. 21, 30 ; Justin. xi. 9, 12.)
3. The eldest daughter of Dareius Codomannus, who was offered by him in marriage to Alexander the Great, before the battle of Arbela, and whom the conqueror actually married at Susa (b.c. 324), is called by Diodorus, Plutarch, Curtius, and Justin, Stateira, but according to Arrian her real name was Barsine (Diod. xvii. 107; Curt. iv. 5. § 1 ; Plut. Alex. 70 ; Justin. xii. 10 ; Arrian, Anab. vii. 4. §5.) For her subsequent fortunes, see bar-sine.
4. A sister of Mithridates the Great, who was put to death by his orders at Pharnacia, together with her sister Roxana, and his two wives Bere nice and Mouinia, for fear of their falling as cap tives into the hands of Lucullus. Stateira met her fate with a dignity and composure worthy of her royal birth. She was about forty years of age, but unmarried. (Plut. Lucutt. 18.) [E. H. B.J
STATIA GENS. This name appears to have been originally Lucanian or Samnite, for theStatii, mentioned before the time of Julius Caesar, all belong to the nations of southern Italy, with the solitary exception of T. Statius who is said to have been tribune of the plebs at Rome in B. c. 475. The Statii first acquired historical importance by the exploits of L. Statius Murcus, the legatus of Caesar, whose name appears on coins [Muucus], but none of them obtained the consulship during the republican period, and the first person of the name who was raised to this honour was L. Statius Quadratus, in A. d. 142. T]ie Statii bore several cognomens, which are given below.
STATIANUS, O'PPIUS. [Oppius, No. 17.]
STATILIA GENS, was originally a Lucanian family, and not a Roman gens. Towards the end of the republic, however, the Statilii began to take part in public affairs at Rome, and one of them, namely T. Statilius Taurus, obtained the consulship in b. c. 37. All the Statilii of any historical importance bore the cognomen taurus. A few
literary persons of this name are mentioned with other cognomens, which are given below. On coins we find the surname of Taurus.
STATILI A MESSALLINA. [messallina.] STATrLIUS. 1. stenjus statilius, as he is called by Pliny, or statius statilius, according to Valerius Maximus, the leader of the Luca-nians, who attacked Thurii. The tribune of the plebs, C. Aelius, brought forward a law at Rome, directed against this Statilius, in consequence of which the inhabitants of Thurii rewarded him -with a golden crown. (Plin. //. N. xxxiv. 6. s. 15; Val. Max. i. 8. § 6.)
3. L. statilius, a man of equestrian rank, was one of Catiline's conspirators and was put to death with Lentulus and the others, in the Tullia-num. (Sail. Cat. 17, 43, 46, 47, 55 ; Cic. in Cat. iii. 3, 6 ; Appian, B. C. ii. 4.)
5. L. statilius, an augur spoken of by Cicero in B. c. 45. (Cic. ad Ait. xiL 13, 14.)
6. statilius, a young man and a great admirer of Cato, was with him at Utica at the time of his death, and wished to follow his example, by putting an end to his own life, but was prevented by his friends from so doing. He served in the republican army after the death of Caesar, and fell at Philippi. (Plut. Cat. min. 65, 66, 73.)
STATILIUS CORVrNUS. [CoRviNus].
STATILIUS MAXIMUS, a Roman grammarian, frequently quoted by Charisius, wrote a work J)e Singularibus apad Oiceronem, and Commentaries upon Cato and Sallust. (Charisius, pp. 175, 192, 176, et alibi, ed. Putschius.)
STATILIUS SEVERUS. [sevbrus.]
STATILIUS TAURUS, at whose expense the first amphitheatre of stone was built at Rome, is wrongly inserted by some writers in the list of ancient artists. (See taurus, and Diet. ofAntiq. art. Amphitkeatrum.) 2d ed.) [P. S.j
STATINUS or STATILI'NUS, a Roman di vinity, to whom sacrifices were offered at the time when a child began to stand or run alone. (August. De Civ. Dei, iv. 21 ; Tertullian. De Anim. 39 ; Varro, ap. Non. p. 528.) [L. S.]
STATIUS. 1. T. statius, tribune of the Plebs, B. c. 475, in, conjunction with his colleague L. Caecidius, brought an accusation against Sp. Ser-vilius Priscus Structus, the consul of the preceding year. (Liv. ii. 52.)
3. statius, the Samnite, put to death by the triumvirs in b. c. 43 (Appian, B. C. iv. 25), is probably the same as the celebrated C. Papius Mutilus, one of the leaders of the Samnites in Social war. [MuTiLUS.J
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