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On this page: Stratonfcus – Stratonicus – Strattis – Strombichides

STATUS.

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STROMBICHIDES.

(Diod. xxxi. Exc. Phot. p. 518; Euseb. Arm. i. p. 164.)

6. One of the numerous wives of Mithridates the Great, was originally a woman of mean birth, the daughter of a harper, but obtained such in­fluence over the king as to become one of his favourite wives ; and when he was compelled to undertake his perilous retreat round the Euxine sea, she was left by him in charge of a strong for­tress, in which he had deposited a large amount of treasure. She was, however, induced to betray both the fortress and treasures into the hands of Pompey, on condition that he should spare the life of her son Xiphares ; but Mithridates, in order to punish her for this treason, put Xiphares to death before her eyes. (Appian, Mithr. 107; Pint. Pomp. 36; Dion Cass. xxxvii. 7.) [E. H. B.]

STRATONICUS ($Tpar6viKos), of Athens, a distinguished musician of the time of* Alexander the Great, of whom scarcely any thing is recorded, except the sharp and witty rebuke which he ad­ ministered to Philotas, when the latter boasted of a victory which he had gained over Timotheus. (Strab. xiii. p. 610 ; Aelian. N. A. xiv. 14 ; Ath. viii. p.. 352, b.) [P. S.]

STRATONICUS (SrparoWos), a physician at Pergamus in Mysia, a pupil of Sabinus, and one of Galen's tutors, about A. d. 148. (Galen. De Atra Bile, c. 4, vol. v. p. 119.) It is not cer­ tain whether he is the same person whose opinion respecting the generation of male and female chil­ dren is mentioned by Galen (De Sem. ii. 5, vol. iv. p. 629), and who is called by him 6 QvcriKbs 2rpa- rtviKos. [W. A. G.]

STRATONFCUS, a statuary and silver-chaser, was one of the artists who made bronze statues representing the battles of Attains and Eumenes against the Gauls. He therefore flourished about b. c. 240 (Plin. H. N. xxxiv. 8. s. 19. § 24 ; py- romachus). He is also mentioned by Pliny, in his list of distinguished silver-chasers (xxxiii. 55) as the engraver of a cup, on which a Satyr, overpowered with wine, was represented so na­ turally, that the figure appeared to be rather placed upon the vessel than engraved on it. (Comp. Anik. Pal. vi. 56 ; Ath. xi. p. 782, b.) [P. S.]

STRATTIS (Srpcb-Tis), tyrant of Chios in the time of Dareius Hystaspis and Xerxes, was one of those whom Dareius, in his Scythian expedition, left in charge of the bridge of boats over the Da­ nube. At the period of the invasion of Greece by Xerxes, seven citizens of Chios conspired against Strattis, but the plot was revealed by one of their number, and the remaining six were obliged to seek safety in flight. They first applied for aid to Sparta, whence they proceeded to the Greek fleet, under the command of Leotychides, at Aegi- na, b. c. 479, and entreated their countrymen, but for the time without success, to strike a blow for the restoration of independence to Ionia. (Herod, iv. 138, viii. 132.) [E. E.]

STRATTIS (SrpdTTis or 2rpcms, but the former is the more correct orthography), an Athe­nian comic poet of the Old Comedy, flourished, ac­cording to Suidas, a little later than Callias. He must therefore have begun to exhibit about 01. 92, B. c. 412. He was in part contemporary with San-nyrion and Philyllius, both of whom are attacked in extant quotations from his works (Schol. Aris-toph. Pint. 1195 ; Ath. xii. p. 551, c.; Poll. x. 189.) The drama of Strattis in which Philyllius

was attacked 'was the nora^jot, which, the Scho­liast says, was brought out before the Ecclesiazusae of Aristophanes, and therefore not later than b. c. 394 or 393 (see Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. s. a. 394). Again, in his 'AvOpc/owoppaiffT'rjs he attacked Hege-lochus, the actor of the Orestes of Euripides ; so that this play must have been brought out later than b. c. 408, the year in which the Orestes was ex­hibited (Schol. Eurip. Orest. 278 ; Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. s. a. 407). Strattis was still exhibiting at the end of the 99th Olympiad, b. c. 380, for we cannot well refer to an earlier period his attack on Isocrates on account of his fondness for Lagisca when he was far advanced in years (Ath. xiii. p. 592, d. ; Harpocr. s. v. AayiarKa). We have little opportunity of forming a judgment on the poetical character of Strattis. His intense admiration of the Orestes of Euripides does not say much for his taste (Schol. Eurip. Orest. 278). From the epithet (t>opriK:6v, applied to one of his plays, it may be inferred that he indulged in that low arid insipid buffoonery, with which Aristophanes frequently charges his rivals (Hesych. s. v. KoXeicdvoi ; comp. Aristoph. Nub. 524, Vesp. 66 ; Aristot. Eth. Nicom. iv. 8 ; Plut. Op. Mor. p. 348, c.)

According to an anonymous writer on Comedy (p. xxxiv.) Strattis composed sixteen dramas. Suidas mentions the following titles of his plays : , or, as it should be, 'AvflpcoTroppcu- , 'Ayadoi tfroi 'Apyvpiov d^avior^^y, , Ktvajcrfas, ai/av o/xeScoy, Ma/ce- l)oiVi<r(rai, ^jAo/CT^r^s, Xpv- , TLavcravias, ^uxatrrai, in addition to which, four titles are mentioned by other writers, namely, Z&Trupos TT€piKai6/J.evos9 Mvp/xiSo^es, IIoTcfyucu, IIu- Tiffos. His name sometimes appears in the cor­ rupted form ^rpdrco^ and some scholars have sup­ posed the comic poets Strattis and Straton to be one and the same person ; but this opinion is un­ doubtedly erroneous. (Meineke, Frag. Com. Graec. vol. i. pp. 221—236, 427, vol. ii. pp. 763, foil, Editio Minor, pp. 428, foil. ; Bergk, Reliq. Com. Att. Ant. pp. 284, 285 ; Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. In- trod. p. xliv. note r.) [P. S.]

STROMBICHIDES (2rp0ju&x^s), an Athe­nian, son of Diotimus, was appointed to command the eight ships which the Athenians sent to the coast of Asia, on the news of the revolt of Chios, in b. c. 412. On his arrival at Samos he added a Samian trireme to his squadron, and sailed to Teos to check the spirit of rebellion there. But soon after he was compelled to flee to Samos from a su­perior Peloponnesian fleet, under Chalcideus and Alcibiades, and Teos forthwith revolted. Not long after this Strombichides seems to have returned to Athens, and later in the same year he was one of three commanders who were sent to the Athenians at Samos with a reinforcement of thirty-five ships, which increased their whole force to 104. This they now divided, retaining the greater part of it at Samos to command the sea, and to carry on the war against Miletus, while Strombichides and two others were despatched to Chios with thirty tri­remes. On their way they lost three of their vessels in a storm ; but with the rest they pro­ceeded to Lesbos, and made preparations for the siege of Chios, to which island they then crossed over, fortified a strong post named Delphinium, and reduced the Cliians for a time to great extremities. In B. c. 411, on the revolt of Abydos and Lampsa-cus, Strombichides sailed from Chios with twenty-

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