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SULLA.

but he was intercepted in his journey by P. Sittius, taken prisoner, and carried to Caesar [SiT-tius]. He was accompanied in his flight by his wife Pompeia and his children, as well as by Afra-nius, and they were all captured along with him. Upon their arrival in Caesar's camp, Faustus and Afranius were murdered by the soldiers in a tumult, probably not without Caesar's connivance ; but Pompeia and her children were dismissed uninjured by Caesar. Faustus seems only to have resembled his father in his extravagance. We know from Cicero (ad Alt. ix. 11) that he was overwhelmed with debt at the breaking out of the civil war. (Dion Cass. xxxvii. 51, xxxix. 17, xl. 50, xlii. 13 ; Cic. pro Still. 19 ; Caes. B. C. i. 6 ; Hirt. B. Afr. 87, 95 ; Appian, B. C. ii. 100 ; Flor. iv. 2. § 90 ; Oros. vi. ] 6.)

8. serv. cornelius sulla, known only as the brother of the dictator, and the father of the two following persons. (Sail. Cat. 17; Dion Cass. xxxvi. 27.)

9. P. cornelius sulla, a son of No. 8, and a nephew of the dictator. He was grown up in the lifetime of his uncle, from whom he received as presents several estates of those who had been pro­scribed. In the consular comitia of b. c. 66 he was elected consul along with P. Autronius Paetus, but neither he nor his colleague entered upon the office, as they were accused of bribery by L. Torquatus the younger, and were condemned. L. Cotta and L. Torquatus, the father of their accuser, received the consulship in their stead. It was currently believed that Sulla was privy to both of Catiline's conspiracies, and he was accordingly accused of this crime by his former accuser, L. Torquatus, and by C. Cornelius. He was defended by Hortensius and Cicero, and the speech of the latter on his be­half is still extant. He was acquitted ; but, inde­pendent of the testimony of Sallust {Cat. 17), his guilt may almost be inferred from the embarrass­ment of his • advocate. According to A. Gellius (xii. 12) Cicero had borrowed a sum of money from Sulla for the purchase of his house on the Palatine. Cicero afterwards quarrelled with Sulla, because the latter had taken part in the proceedings of Clodius against him during his banishment. (Cic. ad Alt. iv. 3.) In the civil war Sulla espoused Caesar's cause. He served under him as legate in Greece, and commanded along with Caesar himself the right wing at the battle of Pharsalia, b. c. 48. In the following year he was ordered by Caesar to carry over from Italy to Sicily the legions which were destined for the African war ; but the sol­diers of the twelfth legion rose in mutiny, and drove him away with a shower of stones, demanding to receive, before they quitted Italy, the rewards which they had been promised in Greece. At the conclusion of the civil war Sulla purchased at a small sum some of the confiscated estates of the Pompeian party, and appears in consequence to have incurred no small degree of obloquy. He died during a journey in b. c. 45 ; and, according to Cicero (ad Fam. ix. 10, xv. 17), people were too glad to hear of his death to trouble themselves about the inquiry whether he had perished by the hands of robbers, or had fallen a victim to excessive indulgence in the pleasures of the table. (Cic. pro Sulla, passim ; Sail. Cat. 17, 18 ; Dion Cass. xxxvi. 27 ; Cic. de Fin. ii. 19 ; Caes. B. C. iii. 51, 89 ; Appian, B. C. ii. 76 ; Cic. ad Ait. xi. 21, 22, de Off. ii. 8.) Sulla left behind him a son P. Sulla

SULPICIA.

[No. 11], and also a step-son Memmius. (Cic. ad Q. Fr. iii. 3.)

10. serv. cornelius sulla, also a son of No. 8, took part in both of Catiline's conspiracies. His guilt was so evident, that no one was willing to defend him ; but we do not read that he was put to death along with the other conspirators. (Sail. Cat. 17, 47 ; Cic. pro Sull. 2.)

11. P. cornelius sulla, the son of No. 9. Nothing is recorded respecting him. He was alive at the time of his father's death in b. c. 45. (" P. Sullam patrem mortuum habebamus," Cic. ad Fam. .xv. 17,pro Sulla, 31.) Respecting the preceding Sullae see Drumann, Gesdiichte Roms, vol. ii. pp. 425—524.

12. L. cornelius P. f. P. n. sulla, the son of No. 11, was consul b. c. 5 with Augustus. (Plin. H. N. vii. ] 1. s. 13 ; Dion Cass. index, lib. Iv.)

13. L. cornelius (L. f. P. n.) sulla felix, son of No. 12, was consul in the reign of Tiberius, A. d. 33, with Serv. Sulpicius Galba. (Dion Cass. Iviii. 20 ; Tac. Ann. vi. 15.) He is probably the same as the " L. Sulla, nobilis juvenis," mentioned by Tacitus, in a. d. 21 (Ann. iii. 31), and as the L. Sulla, whose advanced age in the reign of Clau­dius is spoken of by Dion Cassius (Ix. 12).

] 4. L. cornelius sulla, probably son of No. 13, was consul suffectus under Claudius in a. d. 52. (Fasti.)

15. faustus cornelius sulla, consul under Claudius, in A. d. 52, with L. Salvius Otho Ti-tianus. He was the son-in-law of Claudius, having married his daughter Antonia. Soon after the ac­cession of Nero, Paetus accused Pallas and Burrus of the design of placing Sulla upon the throne ; and although the accusation was declared to be false, Nero became jealous of Sulla. One of the emperor's freedmen accordingly invented a plot which was falsely ascribed to Sulla, who was there­upon ordered by Nero to go into exile to Massilia, A. d. 59. But as Nero feared that Sulla from his proximity to the German legions might induce them to revolt, he was put to death by order of the emperor in a. d. 63. (Suet. Claud. 27 ; Tac. Ann. xii. 52, xiii. 23, 47, xiv. 57.)

16. cornelius sulla, governor of Cappadocia, was put to death by Elagabalus. (Dion Cass. Ixxix. 4.)

SULPICIA. 1. The mother-in-law (socrus) of Sp. Postumius Albinus, by whose instrumentality the latter, in his consulship, b.c. 168, became ac­quainted with the crimes perpetrated in connection with the worship of Bacchus. (Liv. xxxix. 11—13.)

2. The daughter of Ser. Sulpicius Paterculus, and the wife of Q. Fulvius Flaccus. She was de­clared to be the chastest woman in Rome, and was therefore selected, in b.c. 113, to dedicate the statue of Venus Verticordia, who was believed to turn the minds of women from vice to virtue. (Val. Max. viii. 15. § 12 ; Plin. H. N. vii. 35.)

3. The wife of Lentulus Cruscellio. Her hus­band was proscribed by the triumvirs in b.c. 43, and fled to Sex. Pompeius in Sicily, whither Sulpicia followed him, against the wish of her mother Julia. (Val. Max. vi. 7. § 3 ; Appian, B. C. iv. 39.)

4. sulpicia praetextata, the wife of Crassus, is mentioned at the commencement of the reign of Vespasian, a. d. 70. (Tac. Hist. iv. 42.)

SULPICIA. [tibullus.]

SULPICIA, a Roman poetess who flourished

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