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On this page: Talos – Talthybius – Tamisius Mustela – Tamos – Tamphilus

TAMOS.

TAV£IAE£ EnOIE$EN, and now in the Museum at Berlin. (Levezow, Verzeichniss, No. 685, p. 136; Gerhard, Berlins ant.Bildwerke, No. 685, p. 223.) It is remarkable that vases by the same maker should be found in Sicily and in Etruria ; and also that the two specimens are in quite different styles of workmanship. The first of these facts is taken by R. Rochette as an indication of the early com­ mercial intercourse between Sicily and Etruria, by which the former country obtained the manufactures of the latter. Muller supposes Taleides to have been of the Attic school of art, because the subject of the work found at Agrigentum is exactly re­ peated on an Attic vase. (R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Schorn, pp. 17, 60, 2d ed.; Miiller, Arck'dol. d. Kunst, § 99, n. 3, No. 2.) [P. S.] TALNA, JUVE'NTIUS. [thalna.] TA'LIUS GE'MINUS, is mentioned by Ta­ citus under a. d. 62. The name of Talius is of rare occurrence, and is only found elsewhere in one or two inscriptions. (T&c.Ann. xiv. 50.)

TALOS (TdAtyy). 1. A son of Perdix, the sister of Daedalus. He himself was a disciple of Daedalus, and is said to have invented several in­struments used in the mechanical arts; but Dae­dalus incensed by envy thrust him down the rock of the Acropolis at Athens. The Athenians wor­shipped him as a hero. (Apollod. iii. 15. § 9 ; Diod. iv. 76 ; Schol. ad Eurip. Orest. 1643 ; Lucian, Pise. 42.) Pausanias (i. 21. § 6, 26. § 5, vii. 4. § 5) calls him Calos, and states that he was buried on the road leading from the theatre to the Acro­polis. Hyginus (Fab. 39, 274) and Ovid (Met. viii. 255 ; comp. Serv. ad Virg.Georg. i. 143, Aen. v. 14) call him Perdix, which, according to the common tradition, was the name of his father.

2. A man of brass, the work of Hephaestus. This wonderful being was given to Minos by Zeus or Hephaestus, and watched the island of Crete by walking round the island thrice every day. When­ever he saw strangers approaching, he made himself red-hot in fire, and then embraced the strangers when they landed. He had in his body only one vein, which ran from the head to the ankles, and was closed at the top with a nail. When he at­tempted to keep the Argonauts from Crete by throwing stones at them, Medeia by her magic powers threw him into a state of madness, or, ac­cording to others, under the pretence of making him immortal, she took the nail out of his vein and thus caused him to bleed to death. Others again related that Poeas killed him by wounding him with an arrow in the ankle. (Apollod. i. 9. § 26 ; Apollon. Rhod. iv. 1638, &c. ; Plat. Min. p. 320.)

3. A son of Oenopion. (Paus. vii. 4. § 6.)

4. A son of Cres, and father of Hephaestus. (Paus. viii. 53. § 2.) [L.S.]

TALTHYBIUS (To\0teios), the herald of Agamemnon at Troy. (Horn. //. i. 320 ; Ov. Her. iii. 9.) He was worshipped as a hero at Sparta and Argos, where sacrifices also were offered to him. (Pans. iii. 12. § 6, vii. 23, in fin. ; Herod, vii. 134.) [L. S.]

TAMISIUS MUSTELA. [mustela.]

TAMOS (Ta/tc^y), a native of Memphis in Egypt, was lieutenant-governor of Ionia under Tissaphernes. In B. c. 412, we find him joining Astyochus, the Spartan admiral, in the unsuccess­ful endeavour to persuade the partizans of Athens at Clazomenae to remove to Daphnus, — a place on the main land, and therefore beyond the reach of

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TAMPHILUS.

the Athenian navy. (Thucyd. viii. 31 ; Arnold and Goller, ad loc.) In b. c. 411, when Tissaphernes went to Aspendus, with the professed intention of bringing to the aid of the Peloponnesians the Phoenician fleet which he had promised, he com­ missioned Tamos to provide for the maintenance of the Peloponnesian forces during his absence. (Thucyd. viii. 87.) Tamos afterwards attached himself to the service of the younger Cyrus, and, acting as his admiral, in b. c. 401, blockaded Mi­ letus, which had refused to transfer its obedience from Tissaphernes to the prince. When Cyrus marched eastward against his brother, Tamos con­ ducted the fleet along the coast to accompany the movements and second the operations of the army, which he joined at Issus in Cilicia. After the death of Cyrus and the consequent failure of the rebellion, Artaxerxes sent Tissaphernes into West­ ern Asia to take, in addition to his own satrapy, the command of the provinces which had been subject to the prince, whereupon Tamos, in alarm, fled from Ionia with his treasures and all his chil­ dren but one, and sailed to Egypt, where he hoped to find refuge with Psammetichus, on whom he had conferred an obligation. Psammetichus, how­ ever, put him and his children to death, in order to possess himself of his money and ships. (Xen. And), i. 2. § 21, 4. § 2. ii. 1. § 3, Hell. iii. 1. § 1 ; Diod. xiv. 19. 21. 35.) [E. E.]

TAMPHILUS or TA'MPILUS, the name of a family of the plebeian Baebia gens. In the Fasti Capitolini we find Tamphilus, but on coins Tampilus.

1. Q. baebius tamphilus, was sent in b. c. 219, along with P. Valerius Flaccus, by the Ro­man senate to Hannibal at Saguntum, and after­wards proceeded to Carthage, when Hannibal would not listen to them. Tamphilus was also sent in the following year on another embassy to Carthage. (Liv. xxi. 6, 9, 18; Cic. Phil. v. 10.)

2. cn. baebius tamphilus, tribune of the plebs, B. c. 204, impeached the censors, M. Livius Salinator and C. Claudius Nero, on account of the way in which they had administered the duties of ,their office ; but the senate, although discontented with the conduct of the censors, obliged the tribune to drop the prosecution, as they thought it more ad­visable to uphold the principle of the irresponsibility of the censors than to inflict upon them the punish­ment they deserved. In b. c. 199 Tamphilus was praetor, and received the command of the legions of the consul of the preceding year, C. Aurelius Cotta, which were stationed in the neighbourhood of Ariminum, with instructions to await the ar­rival of the new consul, C. Cornelius Lentulus. But Tamphilus, anxious to obtain glory, made an incursion into the country of the Insubrii, by whom he was defeated with great loss. On the arrival of Lentulus soon afterwards, he was or­dered to leave the province, and was sent back to Rome in disgrace. In b. c. 186 Tamphilus was one. of the triumviri for founding two colonies, and in B. c. 182 he was consul with L. Aemilius Paulus. In conjunction with his colleague, Tam­philus fought against the Ligurians with success, and remained in the country as proconsul in the following year. (Liv. xxix. 37; Val. Max. vii. 2. § 6 ; Liv. xxxi. 49, 50, xxxii. 1, 7, xxxrx. 23, 56, xl. 1,16, 25.)

3. M. baebius tamphilus, brother of No. 2, was one of the triumviri for founding a colony in

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