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On this page: Trebellius Pollio – Trebius Niger – Trebius Sergianus – Trebius Statius – Trebonia Gens – Trebonianus Gallus – Trebonius

TREBONIUS.

Trebellius afterwards succeeded Petronius Turpili-anus in the government of Britain, where he was hated by the army on account of his inactivity, pusillanimity, and avarice. In the commotions which followed the death of Nero, Roscius Caelius, the legate of Trebellius, induced the soldiers to rise against their general. Trebellius quitted the island, and fled to Vitellius. The latter, however, did not replace Trebellius in the government, but sent Vettius Bolanus to occupy the vacant post. (Tac. Ann. xiv. 46, Hist. i. 60, ii. 65, Ayr. 16.)

TREBELLIUS POLLIO, one of the six " Scriptores Historiae Augustae" [see capito- linus]. His name is prefixed to the biographies of, 1. The two Valeria™, father and son ; 2. The Gallieni; 3. The thirty tyrants ; 4. Claudius ; the last-named piece being addressed to Constantine. We learn from Vopiscus that the lives written by Trebellius Pollio commenced with Philippus and extended down to Claudius. Of these, all as far as the Valeriani, regarding whom but a short fragment remains, have been lost, thus accounting for the gap in the series which we noticed under capitolinus. Vopiscus does not give Pollio a very high character as an historian, for he accuses him (Aurelian. c. 2) of having recorded many things meagrely and many things carelessly, but we have no reason to form very high expectations, for he tells us himself, at the close of his book on the Thirty Tyrants, that he did not write but dic­ tated these memoirs, and with such rapidity that he could not draw his breath. He flourished as we have seen above under Constantine, and was anterior to Vopiscus. For editions, translations, &c. see capitolinus. [W. R.]

M. TRE'BIUS GALLUS, one of Caesar's offi­cers in Gaul in b. c. 58. (Caes. B. G. iii. 7.)

TREBIUS NIGER. [niger.]

TREBIUS SERGIANUS, consul under Ha­drian in A. d. 132, with C. Serius Augurinus (Fasti.)

TREBIUS STATIUS. [statius.]

TREBONIA GENS, plebeian, was of con­siderable antiquity, and gained distinction as early as b. c. 447, but none of its members obtained the consulship under the republic, during which time likewise we find none of them mentioned with any surname.

TREBONIANUS GALLUS, the Roman em­peror, is spoken of under gallus, but as no coin of his is given under that head, it is inserted here.

COIN OP TREBONIANUS GALLUS.

TREBONIUS. 1. L. trebonius, tribune of the plebs b. c. 447, obtained the surname of Asper on account of his frequent attacks upon the patres. He proposed and carried a plebiscitum, that if the ten tribunes were not chosen before the comitia were dissolved, those who were elected should not fill up the number (co-optare), but that the comitia

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TREBONIUS.

should be continued till the ten were elected. (Liv. iii. 65, v. 10.)

2. cn. trebonius, tribune of the plebs b. c. 401, vigorously resisted the attempts of the patres to undermine the law of his ancestor. (Liv. v. 11.)

3. M. trebonius, consular tribune in b. c. 383. (Liv. vi. 21.)

4. P. trebonius, consular tribune b. c. 379. (Diod. xv. 51.) His name does not occur in Livy (vi. 30) among the consular tribunes of that year.

5. C. trebonius, legatus of the consul L. Papi-rius Cursor in b. c. 293. (Liv. x. 40.)

6. trebonius, slew C. Lusius, a nephew of C. Marius, for attempting a criminal assault upon him. [Lusius.]

7. A. trebonius, proscribed by Sulla. (Cic. Verr. i. 47.)

8. P. trebonius, brother of No. 6, attempted to leave his brother some property, but his will was declared void by Verres. (Cic. I. c.)

9. A. trebonius, a Roman eques and a negotiator or money-lender in the provinces, was recommended by Cicero to the proconsul Lentulus in b. c. 56. (Cic. ad Fain. i. 3.)

10. C. trebonius, a distinguished Roman eques, the father of the following. (Cic. ad Fain. x. 28, Phil. xiii. 10.)

11. C. trebonius, played rather a prominent part in the last days of the republic. He com­menced public life as a supporter of the aristocra-tical party, and in his quaestorship (b. c. 60) he attempted to prevent the adoption of P. Clodius into a plebeian family, contrary to the wish of the triumvirs. (Cic. ad Fam. xv. 21.) He changed sides, however, soon afterwards, and in his tribu­nate of the plebs (b. c. 55) he was the instru­ment of the triumvirs in proposing that Pompey should have the two Spains, Crassus Syria, and Caesar the Gauls and Illyricivm for another period of five years. This proposal received the appro­bation of the comitia, and is known by the name of the Lex Trebonia. (Dion Cass. xxxix. 33 ; Cic. ad Alt. iv. 8. b. § 2.) For this service he was re­warded by being appointed one of Caesar's legates in Gaul, where he remained till the breaking out of the civil war in b. c. 49. In the course of the same year he was intrusted by Caesar with the command of the land forces engaged in the siege of Massilia. (Caes. B. G. v. 24, vi. 40, B. C. i. 36, ii. 1 ; Dion Cass. xli. 19 ; Cic. ad Ait. viii. 3. §7.) In b. c. 48 Trebonius was city-praetor, and in the discharge of his duties resisted the seditious attempts of his colleague M. Caelius Rufus to obtain by force the repeal of Caesar's law respect­ing the payment of debts. The history of these events is related elsewhere. [Vol. III. p. 672, b.] (Caes. B. C. iii. 20, 21; Dion Cass. xlii. 22.) Towards the end of b. c. 47, Trebonius, as pro­praetor, succeeded Q. Cassius Longinus in the government of Further Spain, but was expelled from the province by a mutiny of the soldiers who espoused the Pompeian party. Notwithstanding this want of success, he still continued to enjoy the favour and confidence of Caesar, who raised him to the consulship in the month of October, b. c. 45, and promised him the province of Asia. (Dion Cass. xliii. 29, 46.) In return for all these honours and favours, Trebonius was one of the prime movers in the conspiracy to assassinate his benefactor, and among the many instances of black ingratitude on the fatal Ides of March, his was

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