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On this page: Vibenna Cables – Vibfdius Varro – Vibia Gens – Vibidia – Vibilius – Vibius – Vibius Varus – Vibulanus

1252

VIBIENUS.

consul in b.c. 6 with I). Laelius Balbus ; and as he lived to see both his sons consuls, he must have been alive at least as late as a. d. 28. (Dion Cass. lv. 9 ; Veil. Pat. ii. 43.) He was a friend of Vel-leius Paterculus, from whom we learn (I.e.) that Vetus was a pontifex.

4. C. antistius vetus, son of No. 3, was consul a. d. 23 with C. Asinius Pollio. (Veil. Pat. ii. 43 ; Dion Cass. Index, lib. Ivii.; Tac. Ann. iv. 17 ; Frontin. Aquaed. 102.)

5. L. antistius vetus, son of No. 3, was consul suffectus A. d. 28. (Veil. Pat. ii. 43 ; Fasti.)

6. C. antistius vetus, probably son of No. 4, was consul under Claudius a. d. 50 with M. Sui-lius Nerulinus. (Tac. Ann. xii. 25.)

7. L. antistius vetus, probably also a son of No. 5, was consul with the emperor Nero in the first year of his reign, a. D. 55. Three years after­wards, A. d. 58, Vetus commanded a Roman army in Germany, and as he had no war to carry on, he formed the project, in order that his soldiers might not remain idle, of connecting the Mosella(Moselle) and the Arar (Saone) by a canal, by which means a water communication would be established be­tween the Mediterranean and the Northern Ocean, as troops could be conveyed down the Rhone and the Saone into the Moselle through the canal, and down the Moselle into the Rhine, and so into the Ocean. The daughter of Vetus was married to Rubellius Plautus ; and when Nero resolved upon the death of the latter in a. d. 62, his father-in-law pressed him to take up arms against the em­peror. [plautus, p. 411, b.J Plautus was put to death, but Vetus escaped for a time. Three years later, a. d. 65, the tyrant resolved upon his death, and Vetus accordingly anticipated his sen­tence by opening his veins in the bath. His mother-in-law Sextia and his daughter Pollutia likewise opened their veins and perished along with him. (Tac. Ann. xiii. 11, 5.3, xiv. 57, 58, xvi. 10, 11.)

8 C. antistius vetus, consul with C. Man-lius Valens in the last year of the reign of Do-mitian, A. D. 96. (Dion Cass. Ixvii. 14.)

9. antistius vetus, consul under Trajan, A. D. 116, with Aelianus. (Fasti.)

10. antistius vetus, consul under Antoninus Pius, A. d. 150, with Gallicanus. (Fasti ; Cod. 2. tit. 13. s. 1.)

VIBENNA CABLES or CAE'LIUS. [cab­les VlBENNA.]

VIBIA GENS, plebeian. No Romans of this name are mentioned till the latter end of the republic ; but we meet with several persons of the name among the Italian nations in the second Punic war. [See below, vibius, Nos. 1, 2 ; vibius virrius.] The first of the gens, who obtained the consulship, was C. Vibius Pansa in b. c. 43 ; and several Vibii appear in the Consular Fasti under the empire. Two of the Roman em­perors, trebonianus gallus and volusianus, bore the name of Vibius. The coins of the Vibia gens have on them the surnames of Pansa and Varus. [pansa ; varus.]

VIBIDIA, the eldest of the Vestal virgins, besought the emperor Claudius to spare Messalina. (Tac. Ann. xi. 3'2, 34.)

VIBFDIUS VARRO. [varro.]

C. VIBIE'NUS, a senator, lost his life in the riots which took place at the burial of Clodius in

VIBULANUS.

b. c. 52. (Cic. pro Mil. 14 ; Ascon. in Mil. p. 33, Orelli.)

VIBILIUS or VIBI'LLIUS, king of the Her-munduri, expelled Catualda from his dominions at the beginning of the reign of Tiberius, and sub­sequently united with Vangio and Sido in ex­pelling Vannius, king of the Suevi, from his country, in the reign of Claudius. (Tac. Ann. ii. 63, xii. 29.) [catualda ; vannius.]

VIBIUS. 1. vibius accuaeus, apparently so called ftom the town of Accua, was a com­mander of a Pelignian cohort in the Roman army in B. c. 212, and distinguished himself by his bravery. (Liv. xxv. 14 ; Val. Max. iii. 2. § 20.)

2. vibius, one of the Bruttii, the brother of Paccius, b.c. 209. (Liv. xxvii. 15.) [paccius, No. 2.]

3. vibius, bore such a striking resemblance to Pompeius Magnus, that he was frequently mis­taken for the latter. (Val. Max. ix. 14. § 1 ; Plin. ILN. vii. 10. s. 12.)

4. L. vibius, a Roman eques, was magister or manager of the company, which farmed the cus­toms at Syracuse. (Cic. Verr. ii. 74.)

5. sex. vibius, of Larinum, slain by Oppia-nicus. (Cic. pro Cluent. 8.)

6. vibius cappadox, of Larinum, said to have been poisoned by A. Cluentius. (Cic. pro Cluent. 60.) The cognomen Cappadox is suspicious, but it is found in all the best MSS.

7. vibius, from whom Cicero received the books of the poet Alexander Lychnus (Cic. ad Ait. ii. 20), is probably the same person as Vibius Curius. [CuRius, p. 904, a.]

8. C. Vibius, one of the accusers of Libo Drusus, A. d. 16. (Tac. Ann. ii. 30.)

VIBIUS, the engraver of a precious stone, namely, a carnelion engraved in intaglio, represent­ ing an Othriad, on whose buckler the artist's name is inscribed thus, VIBIUS F. (Caylus, Recueil^m. pt. xxi. No. 5, pp. 83, 84 ; R. Rochette, Lettre a M. Schorn, p. 158, 2d ed.) [P. S.] VI'BIUS CRISPUS. [crispus.] VI'BIUS CU'RIUS. [CuRius.] VFBIUS FRONTO. [fronto.] VPBIUS MARSUS. [marsus.] VI'BIUS PACIACUS. [paciacus.] VI'BIUS PANSA. [pansa.] VI'BIUS PO'STUMUS. [postumus.] VI'BIUS RUFUS. [rufus.] VI'BIUS SECUNDUS. [secundus.] VI'BIUS SEQUESTER. [sequester.] VI'BIUS SERE'NUS. [serenus.] VI'BIUS TREBONIA'NUS. [treboni­ anus.]

VIBIUS VARUS. [varus.] VI'BIUS VI'RRIUS, of Capua, induced his countrymen to revolt from the Romans and to espouse the cause of Hannibal after the battle of Cannae, b.c. 216. When Capua, after its long siege by the Romans, could hold out no longer, B. c. 211, Vibnis recommended the senators to put themselves to death, rather than fall into the power of the Romans. Twenty-seven of the senators re­solved to follow his advice, and accompanied him to his house, where after a sumptuous banquet they all took poison. (Liv. xxiii. 6, xxvi. 13, 14.)

VIBULANUS, the name of the most ancient family of the Fabia gens. It was so powerful in the early times of the republic that three brothers of the family held the consulship for seven years

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